A comparison between HTML5 and Native mobile application development technology

For every mobile app developer, going with one between HTML5 and native is really tough decision. Each technology offers a wide range of reasons being chosen over other. This blog tries to create a comparison between both the methods of mobile application development.

HTML5 vs native

Let us begin with definitions to these methods. These aren’t standard ones but just for the purpose of this information piece.

An application created using platform specific-language is called native application. For example, Android’s native app is created typically with java. For an iOS application, a mobile developer would use Objective C or Swift.

HTML5 applications are built using web technologies including HTML5, CSS and JavaScript. Because HTML5 apps are basically web apps, they run using the browser engine of the OS.

Now we begin a comparison of both mobile application development technologies with following points:

PORTABILITY

With every HTML5 app, portability almost comes naturally. And if it’s not there, it requires little effort to add cross-platform compatibility with HTML5 applications. These apps with responsive or fluid design are supposed to scale themselves appropriately according to the display of a device. Update to such app is also hassle-free as users do not need to take any action against update.

Native apps, as mentioned above, are based on OS specific language that means for each OS, developers need a different app version created using the mobile application development technology of that OS. In case an app requires updates, it is done independently. Also if it’s an Android application, it will not be modified to the device’s size automatically; instead, different layouts are specified for different device screens or orientations. A native app requires a lot of planning in comparison of HTML5.

Development Cost

HTML5 apps are rather cheaper when compared with native apps. A mobile application development based on HTML5 method can easily be concluded and maintained. A single app serves multiple operating systems. Also, single web developer can create the app. But native apps are much more complex and require different team of developers to extend the app to different operating system. A mobile application development company requires Java programmers for Android, Objective C/Swift programmers for iOS and C# for Windows. This increases the cost of the project being developed with native technologies.

Speed and Efficiency

Native apps are way more efficient and speedy. HTML5 apps are often spotted with not executing things as rapidly as native apps do. Even if they have similar functionality, native apps perform faster than HTML5 apps.

Use of Hardware

A native app can interact with almost all the hardware a device has. It can easily communicate with location, camera, accelerometer, speaker, and various other types of sensors which are available in modern-day smartphone. Here, HTML5 apps cannot have the same ability. Hardware support to HTML5 is limited and it also limits the scope of app for all sorts of requirements.

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Comment (1)

  • Frederic

    What about native app with Flash Builder and Adobe Air? It brings native app to multiple OS with only one source in actionscript and the Adobe Air packaged within the app installation. Small dev team, one language to master, multiple release, native fast application. The way to go in my opinion if you want Applications.

    May 30, 2015 at 10:46 pm

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